Violence mirroring the brutality of the referendum is to be expected as peaceful protesters meet Spain’s civil guard and supporters await the arrest of Catalan leader Carles Puigdemont, an expert has predicted.
Dr Sally-Ann Kitts, senior lecturer in Hispanic and Catalan Studies at the University of Bristol, told Express.co.uk she would be “amazed” if there was no violence as tensions continue to escalate.
She said: “The civil guard and the national police never left Catalonia. They will be deployed and meet with large groups of Catalan people providing peaceful resistance.
“The images we saw on 1st October, people standing with their hands up in this sort of stand-off, and eventually the guards charged forward riot shields and batons – I really will be amazed if we don’t see more of that, sadly.
Mr Puigdemont faces 30 years in jail if charged with “rebellion” as Madrid seeks to impose direct rule.
Dr Kitts believes Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy will continue to take a very hard line against separatists and could arrest multiple leaders within the Catalan government.
She said: “I think they’ve been pretty clear that they’re going to arrest Puigdemont, they’ll probably arrest Carme Forcadell the president of the Catalan parliament as well. We don’t know many people they will arrest, it could be a lot.
An elderly woman is forcibly removed from a polling station during the October 1 referendum
A young woman faces a police officer with a baton and riot shield on October 1
“The Spanish government will arrest people, they will dissolve the parliament, they say they will call elections at some point, they say they will take over the public means of communication. They also say they will take over the Catalan police force.”
This hard line approach will be met by peaceful protest, as Catalan leader Mr Puigdemont has encouraged, and it is highly likely clashes will ensue, Dr Kitts believes.
She added this was clearly not the best way forward, however Mr Rajoy and politicians in Madrid were unlikely to commence dialogue with Catalonia’s leaders as they had rejected several approaches already.